Why are Degus Great Pets?


The octodonts owe their scientific name Octodontidae (eight-toothed rodent) to the masticatory surfaces of their molars, which have the form of an “8”. We know the most about the habits of the Degu (Octodon degus). Like the other octodont species, the degu is similar to the rat in size and proportions. Its physical adaptions to a subterranean mode of life are a stocky body and short neck, a large head, a long tail with brush-like hair at the tip, which it raises up when walking, and long whiskers. Hearing and other senses are well developed in this species. The hind legs are shorter than the forelimbs. Degus have five toes with claws on each of their forefeet and hind feet.The Degu is quite common in Central Chile, where they occur from the coast to the Andes at an elevation of 9600 ft (3000 m) and they are also found near cities, sometimes with populations of animals numbering in the hundreds.

Introduction to Degus

Degus are active during the day, according to the investigations of G. W. Fulk, and wander about grazing mainly during the morning and evening hours. They feed on grass, grain seeds, and they hoard food supplies in their burrows in spite of the mild climate. Degus are viewed as serious pests because they destroy grain fields, orchards, vineyards, and cactus plantations (eating the fruits of cactus cultivated in Chile).

They form small clans of five to ten adults, which define the limits of their territories against those of others. They build extensively branched subterranean burrows in grasslands near hedges, bushes, and rocks. These tunnel systems always have several entrances and each group has several different burrows. The animals pile up small earth mounds near the entrances. In addition to the soil they have dug from the ground, they collect much of what they find in the surroundings of these hills, for example, rocks, pieces of wood, dried dung, and other plant parts. These mounds presumably serve for marking territory and also the “personal” property. The high-ranking males often rest close to such a mound. After fighting with an animal from a neighboring area, the owner drags more and more small sticks, rocks, and other small items to his territory’s mound and unloads the collected material. The same behavior occurs after a male has chased away another male.

Degu Mounds

These mounds are obviously very relevant to the social status of a male that owns his territory. A male animal whose mound has been accidentally destroyed subsequently loses his social position.

In the wild, and in captivity as well, degus have many social contacts. They ruffle each other’s fur for minutes at a time, and they rest close to one another. In the zoo, males participate in the raising of the young. When danger is imminent, degus vocalize an alarm call which alerts all the other animals which immediately run for their dens.

Degu Territory

When excited, they beat their long tails. In their territory, degus have shared sand bathing places, which they mark with lots of urine before rolling themselves in the sand. Degus, according to the investigations of B. J. Weis, have about five young per litter, which is a relatively high number. Females have four pairs of teats. She lies on top of the young when suckling which is possibly an adaptation to life in the subterranean burrows.

In contrast, caviomorphs living in steppes usually sit when they suckle their young. Newborn animals are not quite as highly developed as most other offspring of the caviomorphs: their eyes open only after two to three days and the fur is at first sparse, but then grows quickly. In the first stage of their life, the young almost always stay in or near the burrow, where they are carried around by the adult animals. Also, the older animals drag grass by the bushel into the dens during this period.

You will need a degu cage to house these animals.

The young animals feed on the lawn, and some is probably also used for building nests. The young of several females live in the same burrow system, where they are possibly raised jointly by the females. In the southern regions of their range, most young are born at a fixed time of the year (September). Further North, parturition is distributed more over the year.

Why Degus make great pets

Degus make fantastic pets, and for those who are not already familiar with their qualities, here’s a few reasons why:

  • They are easy to keep
  • There sleeping patterns mean they are awake during the early morning and evening, when you are most likely to be at home, and sleep when you do unlike other pets such as hamsters
  • Degus are intelligent, quick to learn and easy to tame and train
  • Although they look similar, each Degu has their own distinct personality
  • Degus rarely bite, and even when they do its usually an attempt at grooming their owner
  • Degus are fascinating to watch and easy to interact with for people of all ages
  • Degus do not stink out the room, their urine is odourless and stools are hard and easy to clean up

Overall these pets are fascinating creatures that are easy to keep, great to interact with and fun to look after

English Bulldog Rescue and Bulldog Care


Dogs are really fantastic pets to have and there are many different breeds and type of dog. Each breed has their own set of traits, advantages and disadvantages.

If you are looking for an English Bulldog rescue and want to adopt an English Bulldog, this page is designed to give you valuable information in doing so.

Adopting a Bulldog is a very popular method used by many people around the world that are wanting a bully. English Bulldog rescue groups or British Bulldog rescue groups(as some people like to call them), humane societies and animal shelters are the primary sources of these adoptions. These agencies take in, care for and find good homes for the dogs in their possession.
Adopting an English Bulldog from one of these groups will probably be your best option because they specialize in re-homing Bulldogs whereas animal shelters and humane societies deal with all dogs including mixed breeds. In a given year, English Bulldogs may or may not be available at these latter locations. So, if you are waiting for a bully to be up for adoption at your local shelter or humane society, you might be waiting for a long time.

Bulldog Rescue & Dog Crates

English Bulldog rescue groups are full of Bulldogs that have been abused or neglected by their owners. The bully’s are saved from puppy mills or surrendered by families who can no longer financially support them. Please bear in mind you might need to purchase a indestructible dog crate as these dogs are a very powerful and strong breed. Once in rescue, the dogs are cleaned up, attended to medically, observed for temperament/behavioural disposition and above all, the Bulldogs are given lots of attention and love. A volunteer foster home is usually in charge of these responsibilities until a permanent family is found.

Adoption requires a lot of documentation on your behalf. These organizations want only the best homes for their Bulldogs. Lengthy applications are thoroughly investigated. Here are some common questions that you will find on a Bulldog rescue application:

  • Why do you want to adopt a Bulldog?
  • Who is your employer and how long have you worked there?
  • What is your yearly income?
  • Do you live in a home or apartment?
  • Do you have a fenced in backyard?
  • Do you have any children and if so, how many and what are their ages?
  • Do you currently own any dogs?
  • Do you currently own any cats?
  • Do you have a veterinarian? If so, what is his name, address and phone number?
  • Are you familiar with common Bulldog health problems?
  • How much do you expect to pay per year to take care of a Bulldog?
  • Are you willing to take responsibility for the Bulldog for its lifetime?
  • Can you give references that will verify your ability to take good care of a rescued Bulldog?
  • Once again, these are just a few of the questions that you will find on a typical application. If you decide to proceed with this method, please answer all questions honestly. The lengthy applications are intentional and are in place for the well-being of both you and the Bulldog.

Below is a list of the organizations that we recommend and endorse here at the Nation. For more information about pet adoption and pet rescues, please visit Adopt a Pet You Will Love. Be sure to also check out our cheap English Bulldog page for additional options on how to purchase a Bulldog.


Where To Find A Rescue Group

The Bulldog Club of America adopts Bulldogs nationwide. Please visit their website for more information and to complete an online adoption application. All links open in new windows.

Puppy Mills


Puppy mills are breeding facilities that are downright disgusting, unsanitary, overpopulated and cruel. Feel free to throw in your own adjectives whenever you like. These mills, also known as puppy farms are usually stockpiled with many different breeds of dogs, including our beloved English Bulldog. These dogs are used for breeding on a continuous basis with no breaks in between, producing many litters in a given year. On the contrary a responsible, reputable breeder will only breed once or twice a year.

Puppy farms do not care about these dogs. The dogs are placed in small cages and are not let out to socialize or exercise. These cages are generally stacked one on top of another and rarely get cleaned. Dog food and fresh water are given sporadically. So basically, what we have at these mills are unhealthy, malnourished, socialized dogs laying in their own urine and faeces.

So you might be asking, why are these farms in existence? One reason, and one only, to make money. Puppy mills are big business. They provide many of the animals found in pet stores in the United States and around the world. While these puppies might look normal and cute, the fact is, most will never become properly socialized or even housebroken. The puppies health will always be in question and even as it matures, its health will be much more respectable to illness and disease.

On the positive side, many canine rescue groups and government agencies are cracking down on these puppy farms. One such organization is Prisoners of Greed. Please be sure to visit them on the web to learn more about these mills and to help them in their efforts. After reading this page, you can see why we are so opposed to the purchasing of English Bulldog puppies or any kind of puppy from a pet store. Our best recommendation is to purchase from a responsible, reputable breeder.

Auto Maintenance Industry

While at the time some commentators insisted the auto industry bailout would


not deliver significant benefits to the general public, these warnings have proved to be one hundred percent false right along the line. In fact, when it comes to the costs of their everyday auto maintenance, motorists will attest that prices are no longer rising as swiftly as they were. All things considered, this is highly likely to be a spin-off of the relief brought to the industry via the massive bailout funds that were injected into it. Furthermore, there are substantial, additional savings to be made by consumers, provided they are willing to go the extra mile, i.e.. take the time to research the best deals on the internet.

Take the example of brake pad maintenance and repair. Wise motorists know very well that poorly maintained brake pads can be a silent killer if an auto’s brakes fail at the wrong moment. Therefore, it is always wise to keep an eye on one’s brake pads. However, with costs rising so dramatically in recent years, some auto mobile owners were seeking to cut corners. That said, brake pads cost around $100 to $250 per axle, so they’re affordable and not a maintenance procedure that you want to put off. By sending their autos in for repair much less frequently, they were able to save a ton of money but were effectively playing fast and loose, not only with their own safety, but that of others as well. Following the bailout, maintenance and servicing prices have stabilized very nicely, which means there is no longer any excuse whatsoever for trying to avoid paying for maintenance checks on one’s auto, including its brake pads. Everyone should make it a priority to keep their auto in full working order in every aspect.

When it comes to reducing the cost of motoring, oil change coupons offer a splendid route to savings, provided motorists have the good sense to take advantage of the coupons freely on offer. In the aftermath of the auto industry bailout, coupons are becoming much more widespread, both on the internet and in various newspapers and magazines. Therefore, it is simply not tenable to ignore the benefits of such offers. If you’d rather change your car’s oil yourself, then be sure you know how often to replace oil. There is undoubtedly an underlying problem with consumer laziness, which means that some people fail to take advantage of generous offers that are staring them in the face, but it is to be hoped that the penny will finally drop and that motorists will not look a gift horse in the mouth for much longer.


A car paint job is not a safety issue in the same way that brake pads are, but it is certainly true that paying attention to the paintwork on one’s auto is likely to maintain the resale value of the vehicle. Car owners who wilfully neglect their vehicles’ paintwork will get punished when it comes to getting a decent price for their cars, if and when they attempt to sell them on. The price of paint jobs was previously becoming prohibitive but the bailout has changed the landscape considerably, so now is definitely the time to look into putting your car in for a brand new paint job.

Wheel alignment is another one that is right up there as a safety “hot potato”, as poorly aligned wheels have been the cause of many a catastrophic accident. Once again, dodging expense has been an issue with many cash-strapped motorists, but the bailout has recently led to costs falling in real terms, which means sending your car in to have the wheel alignment checked should be a priority now. According to brakepadreplacementcost.net A typical wheel alignment cost is around $50.

automatic transmission On the maintenance side, transmission repair and servicing is another factor that motorists often fail to take account of in a misguided quest to save money. As in so many things, prevention is far better than cure: Looking after your vehicle’s transmission should be a no briner when the cost of regular servicing is compared to that of entirely replacing a damaged transmission (see these transmission rebuild prices for proof). Arguably, the rising cost of maintenance was a crucial factor in motorists dodging maintenance charges. However, the bailout has changed all that, so there is no longer any excuse.

The same goes for window tinting and wind-shield repair. These are jobs that contribute both to motoring safety and also maintaining the value of your car. If, for example, you ignore the fact that window tinting protects the seating and other interior features of your car from the harmful effects of sunlight, you will pay the price later when your auto proves to be worth a lot less at resale than a well maintained vehicle of the exact same model! Check out this site that outlines average window tinting prices. Wind shield repair, of course, is vital for safety. Any crack in the wind shield should be dealt with immediately as not doing so could lead to the complete failure of the wind shield at any time. The wind shield replacement cost is usually around $100.

Last but not least, one of the most obvious benefits of the auto bailout is the fact that more favourable terms for new car financing are now becoming exceedingly common. No longer do buyers need to rely on low interest financing in order to get a great deal. If you are in need of a new car, it is fair to say that there has never been a better time to look for a financing deal.

Dog Beds – Buying Guide

A dog lover like you cannot help the fact that it is a nice experience to have your dog sleepover with you on your bed. There are no issues of sharing your bed with your furry friend, but, you also cannot deny the reality that it can be a good deal helpful if they’ll be able to have their own space and bed to lounge around in. After all, there are moments wherein you also want to keep your bed to yourself right? If you have no idea what kind, style, coat and design choices that would be great for beds, here is a guide to assist you.

The Bed Anatomy

dog bed
dog bed

This is the section where the discussion about the bed anatomy is going to be the highlight. All dogs do come in a number and variety of shapes and sizes, and as a result, you are as well given the selections of beds which differ in sizes and shapes. What are the notable factors you have to take into considering when picking out beds for dogs? First and foremost, why not take a peek at your dog and see to it that you have got his or her height, is the size small, medium or large, and even their weight needs to be taken into account.

These are imperative when choosing the beds for dogs since it is not in the perfect fit or measurement; there are lower chances that your dog will actually feel comfortable when they are settled in their beds. Furthermore, if the bed is not capable of supporting the weight of the dog, the bed might fall apart or lose its comfort ability. At times, a dog chooses their own sleeping positions for the purpose of keeping themselves cool while slumbering, if you have a crate for your dog – dogs will often sleep in that!

The coats of your dogs are the ones responsible for these search for the best sleeping positions, so, you have to know what type of coat your dog has in order to pick out a bed that will be offer them cool naps and nights whenever they feel like it.

The Types and Styles of Beds

One of the most customary and traditional types and styles of beds are the rectangle dog beds. These are indeed in rectangular shape, as well as being flat on every side, and are perfect for dogs that prefer to occupy as much as possible. The bolster beds seem to be of astounding resemblance to an arm-rest of a couch. This is the bed that proffers your dog the chance to prop their heads up on the bumpers and be nestled as if they are being cuddled.

Don’t Purchase Cheap Beds

Why would you purchase a cheap dog bed and be faced with unending issues from it? You have to invest and be smart when choosing the bed for your dog. It has to be durable and is made from dog friendly materials that cause any type of health problems to your dogs and they’ll be in great slumber at the same time.


Hamster Cages & Accessories

Savic Hamster Heaven Cage

When you are going to be getting a pet hamster, you will need to get a cage and hamster cage accessories to make him the perfect home. You need these extra items for feeding, sleeping, and playing. Hamsters are very energetic creatures. One of the first hamster cage accessories you will need is an exercise wheel. This is not an optional toy. Moreover, for that reason, you can buy hamster cages with built-in exercise wheels. A hamster needs much exercise, and the wheel is one way for him to get it easily, whether you are there or not.

Introduction to Hamster Cages

In fact, being nocturnal creatures, your hamster might keep you awake at night going round and round on his exercise wheel. The solid, plastic types are the best. Don’t get a metal one with spaces in-between the bars as your hamster might get his feet caught in it. Metal ones can also corrode. Every wheel has its pros and cons as the alternative plastic types can be chewed. There are very hard plastic ones that cannot be chewed and are solid, which are the ones you aim to get. You might want to get a quiet wheel so that it does not squeak every time it goes around.

Cage Accessories

Other hamster cage accessories which are necessities are a food dish, a water bottle that attaches to the side of the cage, and a litter box if you are going to litter train your hamster. It makes the hamster cage a lot easier to clean when your hamster just goes in one location like that. Otherwise, instead of emptying a litter box, you will be cleaning the whole cage every few days. Hamster cage accessories also include toys for your hamster to gnaw and chew. When they have lots of toys to play with, hamsters are not as apt to chew on the cage or the water and food bowl.

Hamsters have teeth which grow for their entire lifetime. Chew toys help keep them from becoming to be too much time, plus it keeps them sharp. They make wooden chews and fruit-flavored toys for hamsters. In my opinion, the best hamster cage is the Savic hamster heaven – it is indeed the best hamster cage that also provides quality and value for money!

Hamster Cage Tubes

There are many types of hamster cage accessories which attach to the cage itself in the form of tunnels and maze-type structures. These satisfy your hamster’s need for constant activity. You can buy cages with multiple floors which are all connected via tubes, wheels, and other objects for hamster activities. Many hamster owners think that a hamster house inside the cage is a necessity, but it depends on the temperament of your hamster. Houses are made for hamsters to sleep in and also to hide in should they become afraid. It should not be a necessity unless you have a very reclusive hamster that just doesn’t become friendly after he gets to know you.

Nesting Behaviour

A hamster will make his own little nest to sleep in out of the bedding you put on the floor of the cage. There are many types of litter, but do not use pine or cedar shavings as these can make your hamster sick. Wood pellets can work as can soft paper products such as paper towels or toilet paper. Another toy that is safe for hamsters and that they love the cardboard toilet paper roll itself. This is a very economical toy. You can find all different kinds of hamster cage accessories, some which are good for the hamster and some which are not. Before you buy a product, make sure it is safe for hamsters by doing a little research online or at the library. You can also get advice from fellow hamster lovers as to which accessories work best.

Different Types of Hamster


If you were thinking about keeping a hamster as a pet, you should probably learn about the different types of hamsters. This way you can choose which type is right for you. Some types have different lengths of hair and thickness to the coat, while others can vary in size. No matter which type you choose, all hamsters can make excellent pets and are pretty easy to take care. When you are looking at the different types of hamsters, you should choose the one you can easily take care.

Syrian Hamster

The Syrian hamster is probably one the most common types of hamsters kept as pets. They can grow to 7 inches in length, and they are also considered rodents. They have a lifespan of around three years, and they are thought to be nocturnal animals. Most of the time, they are active at either dusk or dawn. This type of hamster has cheek pouches to carry and hold food.

If the hamster happens to come in contact with large amounts of food, it will store and hide it away in the borrow area. It is not a good idea to keep more than one Syrian hamster. They are known for being aggressive toward each other, and a female can even attack a male shortly after mating. Most of these hamsters are a mix of a brown and black color, but some are also a gold color. They can have white patches anywhere on the body.

Russian Dwarf Hamster


The Russian dwarf hamster Originated in Central Asia, and it is known for being a smaller type of hamster. This hamster is very different from the Syrian hamster because hamsters can live in colonies and they are very social. After the female gives birth, the male is known for helping help clean up the area and making sure the mother has enough to eat. The Winter White hamster and the Campbell’s Russian hamster are closely related and can interbreed to create hybrids. This hybrid breeding is not recommended due to congenital disabilities and sub-standard animals.

The male might also help with child rearing. The dwarf hamster can have a few different types of coats. They include Wavy, Satin, Rex and healthy. They can also come in a large variety of colors. They are brown, white, sandy, gray and they can have a mix of two or more of these colors. All kinds of Russian dwarf hamsters have a signature dark striping that can be seen on their backs. The color of this stripe is usually a darker shade of the coat color.

Chinese Hamsters

The Chinese hamster originated in northern China, and they are a small type of hamster. They only grow to around 3 inches in length, and they can live up to 3 years. The Chinese hamster has been used a laboratory animal for research in the past, but they are now becoming a favorite type of pet. They are longer and thinner and have extremely long tails. The Chinese hamster resembles a small mouse and is sometimes mistaken for being one.

These types of hamsters only have three color variations, and they include Brown, Gray and white and white. They are said to make the best pets because they are friendly and smart. They have endearing qualities that include clinging to a finger with all four paws. However, they are not recommended for children under the age of seven. They can scare or even injure these tiny creatures, so it is best to keep the animal in the cage while small children are present.

Hamster Cages

A cage can never be too big for a hamster. So if you are thinking of purchasing one for your family, make sure they have plenty of room to move. Make sure that you include a small cardboard box for the animal to hide in and never use cedar wood chips for the bedding. Shredded newspaper is a good choice but does not use anything that has any residues like kitty litter or certain types of wood chips or wood shavings. Another good example of hamster bedding is cared fresh, although this can be a little pricey.

All About Australian Cattle Dogs

Australian cattle dogs

As a child, I grew up with German Shepherds. Which my father still breeds in Michigan today. As an adult, the Australian Cattle Dog won my heart. My first one came from two ACD’s that I used to take care of when their owners went away. I named my puppy Carter and my world would never be the same again!

I could not have picked a better breed for my lifestyle. We do a lot of hiking, camping and horseback riding. Carter was now a part of the family. This then drove me to do more research and learn all I could about the breed.

So I started volunteering for an ACD rescue and taking courses (Penn Foster) to become a dog trainer. My career began to take off. I was pet sitting and training! Helping people understand their dogs is very rewarding for me, the dog and their owners.

When I got married, my husband gave me the opportunity to start my breeding program. We are working on making our ACD’s capable of anything! Temperament, Ability, Conformation and Heart! So if you are looking for a puppy to become a new part of your family or the dog you have, to be more of a companion. We also provide excellent pet and barn care while you are away, so take a look around our website, let us know what our team can do for you!